Ten Things You Need to Know About Indonesia
Indonesia is the biggest archipelagic country in the world comprising of 17,504 islands. The largest five islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua. The country’s land vastness is about 1,919,440 square meters, stretching from Aceh until Papua Province. Indonesia is located in tropical area as it lies between Asia and Australia Continent; between Pacific and Indian Ocean and passed by Equator line. Indonesia, which is also known as Nusantara or Archipelago, has two seasons, rain and dry.
2.Population and religion
Until 2016, the number of population is predicted to have surpassed 250 million people, the fourth largest in the world. More than 80% of the population embrace Islam, others are Christianity, Hindu, Buddha, Kong Hu-Chu and native faith believers. All of them are officially recognised by the government.
Indonesia applies democracy politic system, where members of the executive and legislative institutions are directly appointed by people through general election every five years. The ideology of the Country of Indonesia is Pancasila that contains five elements: believing God, unity in forms of nationalism, democracy and social justice.
The national language of the country is Bahasa Indonesia or Indonesian Language. In addition to the national language, there are other 1,211 regional languages that are still spoken by people in many regions. Generally, English language is frequently used in Indonesia. The language becomes one of the languages that are included into the country’s educational curriculum since elementary school level.
Some phrases in Bahasa Indonesia that are worthy of knowing are:
· Selamat Pagi (Good Morning)
· Selamat Siang (Good Afternoon)
· Selamat Malam (Good Night)
· Terima Kasih (Thank You)
· Tolong (Please)
· Apa Kabar (How Are You)
· Maaf (Sorry)
· Permisi (Excuse me)
Indonesia has 714 tribes. Each society in every place has its unique complexion and culture. This feature makes Indonesia is so rich of value and culture; starting from architectural, handy craft, culinary, traditional dance and song, until custom ceremony. The slogan of the country that says “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” which means “unity in diversity”, is created by the country founders to describe the people of Indonesia who remain as one despite various religions, hundreds of tribes and languages as well as numerous traditions and culture adding to that.
Since the country’s Independence Day in 17 August 1945, Indonesia has had seven presidents. They are Sukarno, Baharudin Jusuf Habibie, Abdurrahman Wahid, Megawati Sukarno Putri, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, and Joko Widodo. Until now, the capital of the country is Jakarta.
During some wars leading up to the Independence Day, the capital of the country is moved to other cities, Bukittinggi and Yogyakarta. Before becoming as the United Country of the Republic of Indonesia under Indonesia’s current geographical territory, the country consists of some big kingdoms, such as Sriwijaya, Majapahit, Singosari, Kutai, Mataram, Kediri, Demak, Samudra Pasai, and many small others spread across all of its regions. Some remains of the kingdoms can still be found in many areas in Indonesia, such as temples, sculptures, statues, notes until folktales.
High biodiversity in the Bumi Nusantara or Archipelago Land makes Indonesia is known as Mega Diversity Country. It has very diverse ecosystem, starting from snowy mountain ecosystem and Alpin meadow in Papua, tropical rainforest in lowland, until seagrass beds and coral reefs in coastal areas.
At species level, Indonesia globally has 10% flowering plants that exist in the world, 12% mammals, 16% reptiles and amphibian, 17% birds, 25% fish and 15% insect. In addition, endemism level is also high. 36% of between 500 and 600 mammals species in the country is endemic; 25% of the 35 primates species is endemic; 40% of the 78 parrots species is endemic; 44% of the 121 butterfly species is endemic, and 56% of the 157 bamboo species is endemic.
Located in Pacific Ring of Fire lane, Indonesia is home for volcanoes. Geospatial Information Agency or BIG records at least 143 volcanoes are in Indonesia. Commonly, volcano existence in Indonesia isn’t a threat but a tourism attraction instead. For instance, Bromo mountain, Ijen mountain and Tangkuban Perahu mountain, to name a few.
Geospatial Information Agency (BIG) says the total of the country’s beach line length is 99,093 kilometer. The number is the second longest one in the world. Indonesia also has the vastness of coral reefs amounting 284,300 square meters. The beach length causes Indonesia having abundant sea and fishing natural resources. Besides, beach area is one of the main tourism pillars in Indonesia. Almost all beaches in the country have beautiful landscapes that are pleasant to look at.
Indonesia is called as one the world’s lungs because it has most extensive tropical rainforest in the universe. Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia says in 2017, the vastness of the forest is 133,300,543 hectares. Aside from becoming the world’s lungs, the forest in the country also preserves most plentiful biodiversity in the world. At least there are 30 flora and fauna living in the forest of the country.
In this page, you can find some information that will be useful during your staying in Indonesia. With all hospitality, love and friendship, Indonesia is ready to welcome all participants of the Annual Meetings of IMF-WGB 2018.